wine regions of turkey -WOT

White Grapes
Bornova Misketi
Bornova Misketi is originated in İzmir; variants are grown in Europe and are used to produce different styles of Muscat wine throughout the world. Bornova Misketi is a thick-skinned, medium sized and juicy, these grapes are grown around the city of Izmir. Bornova Misketi vineyards are usually goblet pruned where the soil is composed of clay and sand in the Mediterranean climate near Aegean Sea. The wines produced from this grape are distinctively aromatic including fresh flowers, bergamot, raisins and exotic fruits aromas.This is the oldest known grape variety in the world of which the name was mentioned by the famous historian Herodotus in 5th century B.C.

Emir, a juicy white grape from Cappadocia, is grown around the provinces of Nevşehir, Kırşehir, and Niğde, at an altitude of 1000-1300 meters. This grape variety which is adapted to continental climate where the winter temperature falls to -30 c, produces a good-quality dry wine. Wine produced from Emir grapes is green-yellow or light yellow in color. It gives wines with high acidity and mineral,citrus and green apple tones. It has a unique and distinguished aroma and refreshing taste. It is the latest ripening grape variety of Turkey. It is harvested in October. With its high acidity Emir is also very suitable for producing sparkling wines.

Narince is an indigenous Anatolian grape variety originated in Tokat which is the transition zone where the Black Sea climate ends and turns into continental climate. The soil there is composed of clay and sand with some pebbles. Narince grapes are also grown on the Anatolia tableland south of the mountains near the Black Sea shores, the region which continues throughout the Yeşilırmak River.

There are also very successful attempts to grow Narince grape on volcanic soils of Cappadocia, the result of which tends to be more balanced wines with higher levels of acidity.
Citrus fruits (orange, grapefruit, lemon), pear, mineral (limy-earthy) and floral (white flowers) aromas are pronounced for Narince.

It is a local, seedless white grape variety, most commonly planted in Denizli and Manisa in the Eagean Region and also used in dried sultana production. It is an aromatic grape with small grains and thin skin. Sultaniye bears pinapple, green apple, citrus and exotic fruit aromas.

This is a white grape variety grown in Bozcaada Island known with the name Tenedos in ancient times on Aegean Sea. It gives wines with crisp acidity, of pale lemon color that are consumed best when young.

Red Grapes

This is one of the oldest known black grape varieties originated in Avşa Island on the Sea of Marmara. This thin skinned grape gives wines with medium tannin, high level of acidity and wines suitable for ageing. It is remarked by blackberry and cherry flavors.

Originated from Diyarbakir province, in the area between Euphrates and Tigris Rivers in Northern Mesopotamia, this is one of Anatolian best quality red wine grape variety. Bogazkere takes its name from the bitter sensation that it leaves on the palate. It is the fullest and most tannic grape in Turkey and this makes it the most suitable grape for ageing. The berries are round and medium sized, with a thick skin. When varietal, the wine produced from this grape is very tannic. It bears cherry, sour cherry, blackberry, black mulberry, thyme and spice aromas.

Çalkarasi, is a local variety grown in Denizli Region and mostly used in rosé and light red wine production. Trained in gobelet system, the vines grow in unfertile, clayish, chalky, sandy soil of the tablelands of Denizli district, at 750-1200 m above the sea level. It is named after the Çal district of Denizli and its wine bears strawberry, raspberry and cranberry aromas. Its aromatic character and the fact that it gives only faint color makes this variety a very suitable option for rosé wines.

Kalecik Karası
This is a Central Anatolian wine grape variety grown in Kalecik district of Ankara on Kizilirmak (Red River) basin. Kalecik Karası has bluish black, circular and thin skinned berries. The wines produced from this grape variety are of medium intensity red color, bear red fruit aromas and have medium tannin with high level of acidity. The most pronounced aromas are strawberry, raspberry and red cherry. It is also grown successfully in Cappadocia where the terroir is very similar to its homeland.Kalecik Karası is probably one of Hittite heritages of Anatolia .

This grape variety is grown in Bozcaada Island that is also known with the ancient name of Tenedos. This is one of the historical grapes of which the wines are probably mentioned by Homer in Iliad. Wines made from this grape variety are high in acidity, dark in colour; bear also black fruit flavors.

Kuntra Kuntra is a red grape type, which is grown in Çanakkale and Bozcaada Island on Aegean Sea which also known as Tenedos. For a long time, it was used for the production of cognac style of wines. The flavour characterics of the wine produced from this grape are fruity, soft and easy to drink, low and low to medium acidity .It is not suitable for ageing. Together with white Vasilaki Wines made from this grape are mentioned in Illiad of Homer 3000 years ago.

It’s name means Ox’s eye after the big, round and dark colored grains and is grown in Eastern Anatolia, specifially in the provinces of Elazig and Malatya located on the basin of Euphrates River. It gives full bodied, lasting wines with light tannins which are apte to ageing. Black mulberry, ripe cherry, violet and raspberry flavours are dominant.

It is a local variety which is grown in Thrace, especially around the cities of Edirne and Kırklareli and used both in the wine and production and simply as a table grape.It is a blue-black grape variety. This is probably one of the grapes grown since byzantine times.